Category Archives: Welcome Scoopers

THE SIXTIES SCOOP In 1951, the Indian Act was changed so that provincial authorities would be responsible for the welfare of Indian children. This had little effect initially. This can be seen in the British Columbia statistic for 1955 in which 29 of the 3,433 children placed in protective care in the province were Native, less than 1%. Starting in the 1960’s, however, aggressive policies of taking Native children from their families, communities, and from the Native world generally came into play. In British Columbia in 1964, the figure became 1,446 Native children out of a total of 4,228 children, or 34.2%. In his book “Native Children and the Child Welfare System”, writer Patrick Johnston coined the term “Sixties Scoop” to refer to the forced migration of Aboriginal children.
The situation was the worst in Manitoba. Between 1971 and 1981, over 3,400 Native children were taken from their homes and removed from their province. More than a thousand of these children were sent to the United States, where there was a demand for children to adopt. American agencies could get $4,000 for every child placed. Native children in the United States had been adopted in a similar way until 1978, when the Indian Child Welfare Act was passed, protecting the children from being taken from their people… There is still no such law in Canada.
In 1982, the Manitoba government finally agreed to impose a moratorium on the export of children outside of the province, the last province to do so. There was an investigation into the practice. Justice Edwin C. Kimelman wrote a report in 1985 entitled ‘No Quiet Place’, based primarily on looking at the 93 children that were “exported” in 1981. He did not mince his words in his conclusions, saying: “Cultural genocide has been taking place in a systematic routine manner. One gets an image of children stacked in foster homes as used cars are stacked on corner lots, just waiting for the right ‘buyer’ to stroll by”. (as reported in Fournier and Crey 1997:88)…

Monica Wysotski


Monica Wysotski a Mohawk from Akwesasne introduces the 60’s scoop, in the wake of residential schools. Asking to meet with other First Nations people in Canada who share a similar experience with being taken from their homeland and raised in another culture and another identity. She would like to document on film with willing participants what the 60’s scoop share in common with the abuses and harms of residential schools and create a forum for healing.

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AJE: Canada’s Secret Scoop


n another effort to assimilate aboriginal children into Anglo-society, the Canadian government took thousands of children from their families during the 1960s and adopted them into White families. Producer Chieu Luu went to Winnipeg, Manitoba and spoke to one survivor of the so-called “60’s scoop,” reporter Rob Reynolds voiced the package.

 

The Sixties Scoop


Government policies behind the sixties scoop

The Sixties Scoop

Hidden Colonial Legacy: The 60’s Scoop


It’s estimated that up to 18,000 thousand First Nation, Inuit and Metis children were adopted or fostered to non-native homes from the 1960’s to the early 1980s. This came to be known as the 60’s scoop. Coleen Rajotte reports from Winnipeg about a Cree man returning home to Manitoba after 39 years away, and a young boy who benefited from new strategies in adoption to ensure that Aboriginal kids stay within their communities.

http://www.cbc.ca/doczone/8thfire/2012/01/hidden-colonial-legacy-the-60s-scoop.html

Legal setback for Ontario aboriginals taken from their families during the “Sixties Scoop”

About the Filmmaker

Coleen Rajotte is a Cree filmmaker and screenwriter based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. She was a television reporter for CBC TV for a decade and is now an independent filmmaker. She is a producer for episode 1 Indigenous in the City in our series 8th Fire. Read more

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Did you know


I borrowed this from someone I know. I thought it would be good to share with you. Gives you something to think about when your alone.

Did you know the people that are usually the strongest are usually the most sensitive?

Did you know the people who exhibit the most kindness are the first to get mistreated?

Did you know the one who takes care of others all the time are usually the ones who need it most?

Did you know the 3 hardest things to say are I love you, I’m sorry, and help me.

Help bring Scott home


The 60’s and 70’s Scoop was a terrible time and for many of  us we are still looking for that place we call ” Home”.

Scott is now Serving time in Angola Prison in the state of Louisiana. He has never met his Canadian Family.

Please click the link at the bottom of this page to help Wilfred Allan Sutherland , Also known as Scott Meyer return home.

HELP CANADIAN  60’s  SCOOP VICTIM FIND A HAPPY ENDING…AND A NEW BEGINNING!

Greetings,

For many years, the Canadian government seized babies and children of Aboriginal First Nation tribes, and adopted them out to Canadian and American couples of different races. In the early ’90s, this genocidal endeavor was exposed, though it still occurs. As a result, and with much effort, many of these long-separated families have been reunited, some decades later.

Happy endings? Not always. Relocated children suffer badly, studies have shown. Not only from the way in which they were taken (sometimes literally ripped from their mothers’ arms), but also from loss of identity. As a result, many of them suffer from mental illness or incarceration. The Council of Europe Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons, ratified by both The U.S. and Canada in 1983 and enacted in 1985 was successfully utilized to transfer most, jailed in the U.S., home to serve their sentences reunited with their families.

Happy endings? Again, not always. For the Sutherland family of Manitoba, one of their seven seized children remains jailed in Louisiana. [http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Camperville+child+scoop+exposed.-a030590820] Despite four unsuccessful attempts by the Canadians, as specified by the Convention, to have him transferred to a prison near his family, a fifth request is now underway. This man is an accomplished scholar, artist, orator, and musician. The facts of his conviction and the excessive sentence he received (149 years) are questionable, at best.

This petition shall be delivered to the Governor and the Secretary of the Department of Corrections of Louisiana and both shall be asked to please fix this now!

It is my sincere hope to quickly gather enough signatures, from Canada, the U.S., and abroad, to impact the recipients in a way that they shall have no choice but to remedy the situation immediately. I appreciate your help in signing and sharing the word in an effort to achieve this goal as quickly as possible. Thirty-five years is long enough for him to wait to see his family!
Upon successful conclusion of this matter, I am quite sure he will be eloquent in scribing his own thanks to you all.

Therefore, I hereby present this urgent petition for your signature:

Dear Governor Jindal and Secretary LeBlanc:

Fundamental human rights are of concern to peoples of all nations. Thankfully, there are many structures in place to protect them, such as human rights treaties. The success of all human rights treaties in guaranteeing individual human rights, whether at the international or national level, or at the state level here in the United States, depends on familiarity with the treaties and adherence to them by authorities.

The United States is a member of The Council of Europe, and signed its treaty, the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons, ratified in 1983. The Convention was specific: its primary intent was to facilitate the social rehabilitation of a prisoner by giving a foreigner convicted of a criminal offence the possibility of serving his or her sentence in his or her own country, which is also likely to be the country into which the prisoner will eventually be re-integrated.

Unfortunately, Governor Jindal and Secretary LeBlanc, there is a case pending in Louisiana for over three years that shows blatant disregard for the Council of Europe’s Treaty. And this despite your vow earlier this year, according to a recent Advocate article [State’s Budget Shortfall May Affect Efforts to Reduce Recidivism, by Michelle Millhollon http://theadvocate.com/news/872921-64/prison-jobs-training-program-faces.html%5D, “to focus more on better preparing offenders to re-enter society, saying that is a cheaper alternative to housing them behind bars if they relapse into crime.”
The Louisiana Department of Corrections estimates that while it costs $19,888 to house a state prisoner for a year, it costs $80,000 to house an ailing inmate. (http://louisianaprisonwatch.blogspot.com/2011/06/louisiana-legislature-votes-to-parole.html) Assume 38-year-old Meyers remains incarcerated at Angola – and healthy – for another 40 years. By releasing him now, you will save Louisiana tax payers close to $800,000!
Canada has been requesting the transfer of Angola inmate Scott Meyers, but the requests have been ignored. Mr. Meyers, born Wilfrid Allan Sutherland in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, was stolen from his mother’s arms at the age of 4 during the Canadian “60s Scoop” effort to eradicate his native Aboriginal First Nation tribe. He was “adopted out” to a New Orleans family, and was raised there, an only child, never forgetting the day he was ripped away. There is no doubt the psychological impact of this horror had a lot to do with the events that led to his incarceration. His family in Canada has been located, and both the family and Mr. Meyers would like him to be transferred to a prison near them to serve out his time, so that he may finally have a chance to meet and get to know the family he lost so long ago.

Former Governor Foster abided fully with the same Council’s tenets back in 2001, signing off on the transfer of Ms. Terese Terre to France. Governor Foster no doubt acted under LA Code of Criminal Procedure, Title XXX, Chapter 1, Article 892.3, which authorizes the governor of Louisiana to act on behalf of the State and to consent to the transfer of such convicted offenders under the provisions of Article IV., Section 5(A) of the Constitution of Louisiana.

We, the signers of this petition, hereby beseech you, Governor Bobby Jindal, and you, Secretary James M. LeBlanc, to immediately, and once and for all, sign off on the International Transfer paperwork required to return Scott Meyers (Mr. Sutherland) to his native homeland.

[Your name]

http://www.change.org/petitions/help-canadian-60s-scoop-victim-find-a-happy-endingand-a-new-beginning

Funding Needed for New Documentary – Red Road Documentary


We are currently in the process of seeking out funding for a new film to address the 60’s scoop. Film Content will include:

1.) One persons unique story/ journey through the 60’s scoop period

2.)Will briefly touch on the process of adoption through ARENA (The Indian Adoption Project) and the process of how the government was apprehending children in Manitoba.

3.)Will illustrate the effect of being a by-product of the 60’s/70’s scoop

The story will show how Cultural Genocide happened through the Assimilation process. Any help for funding sources would be much appreciated.

Steps to Writing Your own Book!


Many 60’s and 70’s Scoop always ask me about this very topic. Listen tonight

Fri, Oct 14, 2011 at 09:00 PM

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/firetalkproduction/2011/10/15/the-steps-to-writing-your-own-book

Catch Updates on Facebook! Daily postings

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Fire Talk

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The Steps To Writing Your Own Book

by Fire Talk Production

10/14/11 9:00PM Add reminder

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Two Strong ladies come together to tell you what is involved in writing a book and what to expect once it is published.

Messages From My Hands By Mary Beth Egeling

There are forces working within and through our bodies that cannot be seen but unquestionably do exist. The distraction, confusion, and disharmony that define much of our existence over-shadows these subtle intrinsic powers. If we learn to pay attention, we can hear them.

Love-abouts by Mary Beth Egeling

Author Mary Beth Egeling gives, from her family to yours, Love-abouts, a simple and dependable tool for enriching lives and strengthening relationships. You know, one thing I love about you is…

Website

Annie O’Sullivan Author of Can You Hear Me Now? And Can You Hear Me Now Part Two?

This unique memoir is the shocking tale of an abused child.  Ms. O’Sullivan brings the reader on an intimate life journey through the eyes of this child’s confusion,
Website: www.writersportal.org/canyouhearmenow

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Mary Beth Egeling,
Annie OSullivan,
books,
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http://www.blogtalkradio.com/firetalkproduction/2011/10/15/the-steps-to-writing-your-own-book

The Lost Generation


Excerpts from :

The Lost Generation First Nations Communities &  White Middle-Class Adoption by

Debra Henry & Liz Lévesque

The Sixties Scoop-Province of Manitoba

 

In March of 1982, a Manitoba family court judge named Edwin Kimelman  held hearings across Manitoba about the phenomenon of white adoption of Native children from the province. After the hearings concluded, Judge Kimelman made this statement:

“When the Indian residential schools were operating, children were

forcibly removed from their homes for the duration of the

academic year. The children were punished if they used their own

language, sang their own songs or told their own stories. But  at

least under that system the children knew who their parents were

and they returned home for the summer months. With the closing

of the residential schools, rather than providing the resources on

reserves to build economic security and providing services to

support responsible parenting, society found  it easier and cheaper

to remove the children from their homes and apparently fill the

market demand for children in Eastern Canada and the U.S”11

Kimelman agreed with Native leaders in Manitoba that  aboriginal children were the victims of a policy of “wholesale exportation” to other provinces and the U.S. Judge Kimelman reviewed ninety-three cases of adoption and found that no attempt had been made to find Native homes for these aboriginal children. Over a period of twenty years (mid-1960s to early 80s), Manitoba lost about three thousand Native children to white adoption.

The Canadian Council on Social Development in the 1980s concluded that the staff of child welfare agencies tended to be white middle-class people who assumed that low-income Native parents could only provide a less than adequate home for their children. Basically, in the eyes of the child welfare system, the sin of the Native home was poverty.

Stories of Repatriation

 

Lisa’s Story

Lisa is the daughter of a Métis family that lives in the town of Camperville in northwestern Manitoba. She was born in the town of Winnipegosis and lived with her Métis parents until she was three and a half. She was removed from their home because they were heavy drinkers. No attempt was made to place her with other Métis relatives or within that same Métis community. Instead she was adopted out to a white middle-class couple in Montreal. Her adopted father started to sexually abuse her at the age of eleven. That same year the family moved with Lisa to the U.S. She was removed from the house and put into a series of foster homes after the abuse was reported. By the time she was fifteen she was working as a prostitute, had suffered every kind of STD imaginable, had an alcohol problem and a series of psychological and emotional problems for which she was under a doctor’s care. She was reunited with her family in April of 1985 at the age of sixteen. The reunion with her Métis family was one of “trying to recapture the lost years.” Lisa is still angry at the child welfare officials in Manitoba who “ruined my life and childhood.”*

 

 

Cameron’s Story

Cameron was born on the Sioux Valley Indian reserve in southwestern Manitoba. He was removed from his home at the age of eight because his parents were heavy drinkers. At age eleven, the Children’s Aid Society of Western Manitoba sent Cameron to live with a bachelor businessman in Wichita, Kansas (U.S.). Within six months he was running away from this home. A year and a half later the single man adopted Cameron after the Aid Society insisted that there were no local foster homes or adoptive parents. It is unknown whether or how hard the Aid Society looked  for local reserve homes. The adoption was a disaster. Cameron continued to run away from this home. At age thirteen he revealed that this man had been sexually abusing him. He would not testify against his adoptive father in court because this man had threatened him with physical violence. Cameron stayed in this home five more years after he had revealed the sexual abuse. At the age of eighteen he left the home but still remained in the city of Wichita. After he turned nineteen, he went on a drinking binge, broke into the home of his adoptive father and beat him to death with a baseball bat. Ironically, he served a fifteen year sentence for this murder in Stoney Mountain Penitentiary north of Winnipeg. His whereabouts today are unknown, but it is assumed that he has returned to the Sioux Valley reserve to try and pick up the pieces of his life.*

*These stories are found in The Dispossessed  by Geoffrey York.

Lisa and Cameron’s stories are only a few of the thousands of stories that have yet to be written and published. There are many more adopted children out there with similar stories. We cannot say that all of these adoptions turned out the way that Lisa and Cameron’s did. What we can say  is that these stories let the wider North American population know that there are Aboriginal individuals and communities that have been consistently victimized in this way with dehumanizing consequences that include: culture shock, identity crisis, psychiatric problems, prolonged grief, drug and alcohol problems, uncontrollable anger/rage and a myriad of other symptoms resulting from sexual and other kinds of abuse.

Anglo-American Worldview

  • our way is the best way
  • the world and various forces (illness/death) can be controlled by human beings
  • basic problem is ignorance and the solution is more information (education)
  • technology/technique is moving us toward perfection**
  • our faith in human ability to correct and control is virtually boundless
  • history is evolutionary. We are in a steady movement from inferior societies to our own
  • change is better than stability, conquest is better than holding a position, and the new is better than consolidating the old
  • our “superior” way of life will be the ascendant way for others
  • the good of the individual is more important than the good of the group
  • success (material/numerical, etc.) is the goal and failure must be avoided at all costs
  • scientists are our new priests and prophets. Science is our true religion. That means that scientific education is the great hope for our nation and the world12

Native Worldview

  • group has supremacy over the individual; values are learned collectively
  • harmony of individual with the tribe
  • harmony with the tribe and the land

harmony with the land and the Great Spirit (monotheism


 

Letters of the 60’s and 70’s Scoop


In the past We have written letters about the 60’s and 70’s Scoop that were sent to Oprah. These are just a few that were submitted for posting. I have removed names. Please do not use these in other blogs without permission.

To: Whom it may concern.

I am turning 50 years old this year. And I have come to a point in my life where I need to have my voice heard tell my story. I am one of many Native children from Canada. Who was scooped up in the 60’s, 70’s. Many of us stripped from our parents Separated from each other. I myself had 2 other siblings. My Sister lives back in Canada. My Brother not sure last place was Ohio. Many people like you have not heard about this it was a hush situation. Brought down to the United States and all over the country this is just coming out. We the children are coming out and speaking finding out the truth.

Hello and Greeting from Canada!

I wanted to tell you about my life and the lives of many people that were affected by this. I was taken from my family during a time in Canada that is now known as the “Sixty Scoop” . They say this was part of the Genocide that occurred with the Aboriginal people of Canada. We were taken from our families and adopted to homes across America and to Europe mainly “White” Families, Losing our families and our culture. We have been greatly affected by the lives that we were given. Many of us were physically, mentally and sexually abused and many were also “Slaves”. I was one of those kids. I have been working bringing us together. I have built groups for us to come and share our knowledge and experiences and I try very hard to help those that have asked me. I try to give positive energy! We want to heal and continue with our lives!

I was in the 70’s scoop…

I was shot by my foster parent’s 16 yr old son…he had been drinking…I was 15 at time of shooting…Police were involved, and I was taken to hospital for bullet extraction…After a few days I was in hospital. The Policeman came and took my STATEMENT…after the statement was given. He then went on and say things like “If you decide to press charges, You’ll have to pay for your own way to court, and you’ll have to pay for your own Lawyer.”….I would guess it didn’t take much to convince a drug induced 15 yr old boy, not to charge…After this I was required to stay at the same Foster home, share the same bedroom as my shooter…He was sleeping only feet away from me…I was never to talk about this incident…Later I tried to get info of shooting from RCMP…They just played DUMB…I asked CFS for my records 2006..they did bring records, but not the ones I wanted to see….So, after reviewing their material…I pulled out a copy of Hospital Records…asked CFS where is this in your files?…They just closed their books quickly and almost ran out of room…I have been living with PTSD ever since incident…I didn’t know how to deal with it, until recently…